A senior minister stated that the Indonesian government will use electric vehicles as the main means of transportation for officials during the G20 presidency to reflect its commitment to climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Indonesia will take concrete steps to address environmental and climate change issues. One of the actions that embody leading by example is that during the G20 presidency, officials will use electric vehicles.
The Indonesian government has set a goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 29% by 2030 compared to normal conditions and 41% with international support.
The government is working with Hyundai Motor Indonesia (HMD) to provide Indonesian officials with electric vehicles during the G20 presidency.
Hyundai Motor is still committed to providing 42 electric vehicles for the first Sherpa meeting of Indonesia’s G20 presidency in 2022. In addition, Hyundai Motor also organized special training courses for potential electric vehicle drivers and set up two electric vehicle charging stations in Indonesia.
Cooperation with Hyundai is a form of support from the private sector to ensure that Indonesia successfully assumes the presidency of the G20 through the use of environmentally friendly transportation.
The first Sherpa meeting is part of the opening ceremony of the 2022 Indonesian G20 Presidency.
It is expected that as many as 104 delegations from 39 G20 countries, invited countries and international organizations will attend the event in Jakarta.
Indonesia’s presidency of the G20 summit will also provide an opportunity to demonstrate the success of the government’s structural reforms in the areas of trade, investment, and industry.
In addition, Hyundai has invested US$1.55 billion to develop the first manufacturing centre in ASEAN in Deltamas Bekasi, West Java. With a maximum (production) capacity of 250,000 vehicles per year, (the company) will definitely create jobs for thousands of people.
The Group of Twenty (G20) was established in 1999 as a meeting of finance ministers and central bank governors to expand discussions on policies conducive to solving the global economic and financial crisis. As an economic forum, the G20 consists of 19 countries, namely the United States, Argentina, Brazil, Australia, Canada, Mexico, Turkey, Indonesia, South Korea, Japan, China, Germany, the United Kingdom, India, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Italy, a regional organization of France, Russia and the European Union. As well as the President of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the President of the World Bank, as well as the Chairman of the International Monetary and Financial Committee and the Chairman of the Development Committee attended the ex officio ministerial meeting with the Minister of Finance and the Governor of the Central Bank.
The establishment of the G20 was inseparable from the disappointment of the international community at that time that the G7 could not find a solution to the global economic problems. The view that emerged at that time was that middle-income countries and countries with systemic economic influence must participate in negotiations in order to find solutions to global economic problems.
When the G20 was founded, the reform of the global financial system was one of the keys to coping with the global economic crisis. With the improvement of the world economic situation, at the 2009 Pittsburgh G20 Summit, the G20’s goal became clearer, that is, to create strong, sustainable and balanced economic growth. To achieve this goal, the G20 summit held in Cannes, France in 2011 agreed that the G20 has the responsibility to “coordinate their respective policies and reach a political agreement that is very important to the challenges of global economic interdependence” (coordinating their respective policies and achieving necessary Political agreements to meet the challenges of global economic interdependence).
As a strategically important World Economic Forum, since it collectively represents approximately 65% of the world’s population, 79% of global trade and at least 85% of the world economy, various G20 meetings have proposed dialogues to establish political commitments. Economic leaders respond to challenges affecting global economic growth, including issues such as finance, trade, infrastructure and investment, energy, employment, corruption, development, agriculture, technology, innovation, and the digital economy.
In order to discuss these issues, the G20 is divided into two channels, the financial channel and the Sherpa channel. The financial channel composed of finance ministers and central bank governors of all G20 members deals exclusively with some agendas related to the financial sector. At the same time, Sherpa Track handles other agendas outside the financial sector and prepares various documents to be discussed at the summit. Therefore, Sherpas are usually directly appointed by the government/head of state and are regarded as their representatives at various G20 meetings outside the summit.
The G20 does not have a permanent secretariat. In the process and system of the work of the G20, the chairmanship is determined by consensus among member states on the basis of regional rotation and annual changes. Therefore, every year the “troika” composed of the previous, current and next chairmen conducts intensive communication and coordination every year to ensure the continuity of the G20 agenda.
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